Blood cancer symptoms: Joint pain and bleeding gums signs of multiple myeloma | Health | Life & Style - World Big News

Blood cancer symptoms: Joint pain and bleeding gums signs of multiple myeloma | Health | Life & Style

In Health


Someone is diagnosed with blood cancer in the UK every 14 minutes.

There are over a hundred different types that currently affect around 230,000 individuals.

However, less than a third of people know the most common forms of blood cancer, including lymphoma and multiple myeloma.

In fact, one in three blood cancer patients had never heard of their specific type of cancer before diagnosis.

According to the Make Blood Cancer visible campaign, 30 per cent of people wrongly thought vomiting, nausea and headaches were the most common warning signs of cancer.

However, the major symptoms are actually fatigue, fever or night sweats, bone and joint pain, and bruising or unusual bleeding.

Here are three of the most common types and how to spot them.

Leukaemia

This is a cancer of the white blood cells, according to the NHS.

It is sometimes called acute leukaemia, which means it progresses rapidly and aggressively, and usually requires immediate treatment.

Symptoms can develop across a few weeks and become increasingly more severe.

These include pale skin, tiredness, breathlessness, frequent infections and unusual infections such as bleeding gums or nosebleeds.

Lymphoma

This occurs when lymphocytes – white blood cells that help to fight infection – become out of control. 

According to the Lymphoma Association, they divide in an abnormal way or do not die when they should.

Symptoms include swollen lymph nodes – which can usually be found in the neck, armpit or groin – fatigue, unexplained weight loss, sweats and itching.

Multiple myeloma

This is a type of bone marrow cancer which affects the production of healthy blood cells.

It can affect several areas in the body, but often the spine, skull, pelvis and ribs, according to the NHS.

In the early stage it may not cause any symptoms.

However, later on signs include a dull ache in your bones, weak bones, tiredness, repeated infections and brushing and unusual bleeding, including heavy periods.